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Finger Joint Pain – Symptoms, Causes, Treatments & More

Imagine your fingers aching every time you use them. That could be awful. You cannot push a key on your laptop, complete a message on your Android phone, hit those guitar chords, thoroughly and thoroughly clean your body or the plate you used last night. It could be a total bummer.

This is all because of the joint pain in your fingers. What causes this pain and how will you treat it? You’ll find out as you read along.

What is Finger Joint Pain?

Finger joint pain is characterized by tingling, soreness, throbbing, aching, increased warmth, or stiffness of the fingers.

Your fingers are not what you think they seem. They have multiple parts that include bones, blood, vessels, nerves, muscles, cartilage, and skin. Finger joint pain might be traced back to any of these parts. It could be a simple irritation or a serious inflammation. What do you think might be the causes of this?

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As you grow old, you are more expected to take good care of your body. There are plenty of physical obstacles and hindrances that could affect your way of living. These are normal occurrences of life. One of the many hurdles of existence is joint pain. It may only hit some parts of your body but its effect is huge it can definitely be very disturbing.

No matter how small the location of the joint, whether it’s just on your index finger, it will still give you a hell experience with all those excruciating pains. Now, while some men are waiting to get injured or be affected by a disease, it’s always better to know and understand how you can prevent these occurrences from happening.

Finger joint pain is one serious musculoskeletal condition. It can be characterized by aching, throbbing, tingling, soreness, stiffness, and increased warmth. You will experience paresthesias, a prickling feeling in a finger. The sensation is due to the damages and pressures over the nerves that send the sensation messages.

In order to prevent this ill-condition, first, you have to know and understand the symptoms of finger joint pain. In this way, you’ll be warned about the condition.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Finger Joint Pain?

How Will You Know if You Have Finger Joint Pain

In order to avoid other complications, it’s important that you know what it looks like to have finger joint pain. First of all, the various symptoms will show depending on the cause of the pain. Among its common causes are injured-related, infection, inflammation, degeneration, nerve-related, or neurological.
Now, here are some common symptoms of finger joint pain:

  • Bruising
  • Dislocation
  • Numbness
  • Arm pain
  • Wrist pain
  • Pus or drainage
  • Fingernail problems
  • Flu-like symptoms such as sore throat, fatigue, fever, cough, aches, pains and headache
  • Lumps round the finger
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Reduced joint movement
  • Diminished grip strength

There are more serious symptoms of finger joint pain, though. The following causes might show a life-threatening condition:

  • High fever (when it’s more than 100 ºF)
  • Fail to move the arm, finger or finger
  • Red and warm skin
  • Partial or total amputation
  • Severe pain
  • Visible deformity
  • Uncontrollable bleeding

What are the Common Causes of Finger Joint Pain?

How Can You Fix Your Aching Fingers

Finger Dislocation

One of the known causes of aching fingers joint pain is finger dislocation. This happens when misalignment occurs to the finger bones. Dislocation occurs when the person undergoes a serious injury that involves the hurting of one’s fingers (forceful bending or twisting, or jamming the end of a finger).

Other injuries related to finger joint pain are :

  • Abrasion
  • Crush injury
  • Stress fracture
  • Degloving injury
  • Blunt force trauma
  • Laceration
  • Sprain


The joint is where 2 bones meet. It has elements around it that make the movement smooth without pain. One of the known elements around it is the cartilage. Cartilage can be damaged. Inflammation can also happen which may result to arthritis. The primary symptom of arthritis is joint pain.


Finger joint pain can also be caused by infection and other inflammatory factors. These include:

  • Bursitis
  • Cellulites
  • Bacterial infection such as staphylococcus aureus
  • Ganglion cyst
  • Age-related wearing and tearing


This ill-condition of the finger may include numbness which may be traced back to nerve-related causes of finger joint pain:

  • Neck injury
  • Herniated disc
  • Cervical pondylosis
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Nerve compression

Neurological Factors

Here are some of the neurological causes of finger joint pain :

  • Alcoholism
  • Lead poisoning
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Stroke
  • Spinal cold injury
  • Transverse myelitis
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

Less-Known Causes

Finger joint pain can also be associated with:

  • Circulatory problems
  • Buerger’s disease
  • Frostbite
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon

Deformed and Painful Fingers: What Cause Them?

Finger joint pain can bring multiple troubles in your whole body. It will affect not only your physical and mental aspects but your entire activities for the day. Sometimes, because your concentration is hindered by pain, it could be very hard to deal with.

In order not to worsen your situation, you should know finger joint pain causes. From there, you can choose the right treatment for your condition.

Causes of Finger Joint Pain Explained in Detail

Finger Joint Pain causesTrigger Finger
The trigger finger is a disorder commonly seen in old ages. This is characterized by the locking, snapping, and catching that involve the tendons of the finger, partnered with pain and incapacity.

It is called “trigger” because of the seemingly gun effect when the finger unlocks. There is a gap in size between the retinacular pulley system and the flexor tendon. This disparity may result in the struggle of flexing the finger.

Felon Infection
This is the infection inside finger’s tip. It can form a pocket of pus which will give excessive pain as it inflates. The deep location of the pus makes it worse. Usually, it can be caused by bacterial infection in particular, by the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.

You’ll know if it’s felon infection if you can feel an extreme ache at your fingertip. You can also see a swelling at the end of your finger.

It is very important that you seek a medical assistance immediately. The bacteria pocket might expand more and compress the blood vessels and cause permanent damage.

Paronychia is an infection in the nail. It’s commonly caused by fungal or bacterial infection. There can be two types of this infection: (1) acute paronychia or (2) chronic paronychia. The former entails sudden infection while the latter takes time.

Glomus Tumor
Glomus tumor is one of the causes of joint pain that can also affect the fingers. It is an unusual benign neoplasm sprouting from the glomus body, a layer of the skin where the body temperature regulates.

Mallet Finger
This is an injury seen on the finger’s extensor digitorum tendon. It may come from the hyperflexion of the said tendon.

Kirner Deformity
Kirner Deformity is the unnatural palmo-radial curvature in the little finger. The deformity of this finger is not that pretty to ponder.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Among the causes of joint pain, this syndrome is the number one cause of pain among the fingers. This syndrome occurs when the tendons in the tunnel swell or bloat.

Aside from the aches, carpal tunnel syndrome also brings numbness of the thumb, ring and index finger. This tingling sensation may happen during sleeping time.

Factors that might trigger this syndrome are obesity, diabetes, pregnancy, and hypothyroidism. It could also occur when your work entails the use of vibrating tools.

What are the Possible Treatments for Finger Joint Pain?

The treatment should of course depend on the cause of the joint pain.

Anti-inflammatory Medications

These drugs are designed to treat joint pain and to reduce swelling and inflammation around the joints.

Joint Supplements

The body has substances that can naturally treat joint pain. These include Chondroitin and Glucosamine which are 2 main building blocks of normal cartilage.

Other possible treatments are hand therapy, cortisone injections, splints, and ice treatment.

Natural Remedies for Finger Joint Pain

Now, few of the best treatments for this muscoskeletal condition is natural remedies.

Here are some of the remedies which you can do at home:

  • You can bathe your hands in warm water with salt for 15 minutes. This can relieve you from the pains and stiffness you feel in your fingers. Salt has a substance that can absorb the pain from the body.
  • We are so accustomed of cracking our fingers. But do you know that this constant habit will damage your cartilage in your knuckles? When you have symptoms of this ill-condition, you should prevent yourself from doing this habit.
  • You can apply hot or cold compresses over your finger joints.
  • Aloe Vera has a substance that can soothe the pain. You can apply one over your fingers.
  • Avoid from eating eggs, meat, and processed foods when you are in acute pain.
  • You can massage your hands. Just remember to make it right-you don’t want to make it worse.

Contributor : Janice (Joint Health Magazine)

Janice Carson is a freelance journalist who specializes in Joint health issues and provides treatments and solutions to the sufferers. She is having medical writing experience of many years. She is contributing her work to jointhealthmagazine.com.

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