Osteoarthritis knee problems come about in those who experienced some form of injury or trauma in the knees. The kneecap has a thin layer of tissue underneath the skin called cartilage. Cartilage surrounds the joint, keeping it safe from injury. Those who have osteoarthritis knee problems typically have some type of injury though the injury might appear because of aging. Problems with this cartilage are the number one cause of osteoarthritis knee problems.
The cartilage is a thin tissue that is highly flexible. When the body ages, the cartilage becomes firmer and harder and loses its flexibility. Osteoarthritis Knee problems occur because the cartilage dries out and loses some of its flexibility. The bones of the surrounding joint react by changing shape and size to compensate for this loss of cartilage. Those who suffer from osteoarthritis knee problems can also experience bone spurs. The bones grow sharp and jagged edges as a way to fill in the gap between the missing cartilage and the joints. Osteoarthritis knee problems can be quite painful because the condition worsens over time.
Some people are more likely to suffer from osteoarthritis knee problems than others, including those with a family history of osteoarthritis. Age also plays a factor in the problem, as the body naturally loses cartilage as the body ages. Osteoarthritis knee problems also relate to gender and body size, as women are more likely to suffer from the condition, as are those who are overweight or obese. Those who have poor muscle tone can also suffer from this condition. Osteoarthritis knee problems are also more common in those who are highly athletic because these activities weaken the joints and muscles of the body.
Any type of activity puts pressure on the joints in the body. Osteoarthritis Knee frequently occur in those who lead an active lifestyle. Those who exercise, play sports or take part in extreme sports put more strain and pressure on the joints of the knee. Certain medical conditions can also relate to osteoarthritis knee problems because the conditions prevent the body from absorbing the nutrients, vitamins and minerals that strengthen the joints. The condition typically begins with some mild pain or discomfort in the knee before inflammation or swelling occurs. Some patients have an osteoarthritis knee problem in just one knee because they put more pressure on that joint. The condition is treatable and many patients continue leading an active life after the diagnosis.