The elbow is one of the most commonly used body part and easily one of the most prone to pain. Severe elbow joint pain can be a product of the overuse of the elbow joints, a fall or an injury, but it can also be a symptom of a more serious medical condition.
Common Causes of Severe Elbow Joint Pain
There are several causes of severe elbow joint pain which can be accompanied by swelling, inflammation and stiffness.
Some of them include:
- Tennis elbow
- Golfer’s elbow
- Elbow sprain
Tennis elbow is a condition that affects the lateral epicondyle part of the arm. It occurs when you repeatedly overworked your elbow, such as when you are using your backhand too much while playing tennis. Tennis elbow often comes not just with pain, but also inflammation. It may also feel tender and swollen and may further feel painful if the affected elbow joint is used repetitively.
Medically known as medial epicondylitis, the golfer’s elbow is the condition wherein the inner forearm becomes painful due to repetitive use such as when doing golf swings. One may feel pain and tenderness on the inner elbow and may worsen when the forearm tendon is often used.
When the tip of the elbow appears swollen and feels painful, you could be having Olecranon bursitis. It can be caused by an injury incurred on the elbow, or as a symptom of other medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
You may also feel severe elbow joint pain when you sprain your elbows. Overusing your elbow joints, or putting more pressure than usual may cause the stretching of the tissues, making your elbow painful and appear swollen.
Treatments for Severe Elbow Joint Pain
Treatments for severe elbow joint pain depends on the severity of the pain. Sprained elbows can be treated at home by putting on an ice pack and taking pain killers and non-steroidal inflammatory drugs. It would also help not to use the injured elbow so much and give it a rest until the pain and swelling subsides.
In case the pain is recurring and worsens over time, it may be caused by an underlying medical condition. You need to consult your health care provider for proper assessment. You may need to undergo an X-ray. This will help you determine if you need other treatment options.
Taking care of our elbows is important because they provide movement for our arms. It is best to warm up and cool down before and after exercising to prevent injuries while doing physical activities. You may also enrich your diet with more calcium and vitamin D to further strengthen the bones, and consult a doctor once the pain worsens and if is already interfering with your daily routine.