Painful Swollen Joints: Know its Causes and Treatments

Painful Swollen Joints: Know its Causes and treatments
Janice CarsonJanice Carson

The structures that join two or more than two bones in the human body are called joints. They are found in your knees, hips, ankles, and many other parts of your body. Your joints are surrounded by soft tissues, and swollen joint is the result of fluid accumulation in those soft tissues. A swollen joint can obstruct your day to day life, and it will create a problem to perform your daily routine tasks.

If you’re having problems with swollen joints, then it is better to consult your doctor. Swollen joints can be the result of some chronic condition like injury requiring medical condition, joint dislocation, or arthritis. According to the statistics published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 22.7% of American adults are diagnosed with arthritis. That number is really huge. What are some of the common causes of swollen joints? We will discuss about it in the next part of the article.

What are the Causes of Swollen Joints?

There are many causes of swollen joints, and some of the causes of swollen joints are:
1. Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is very common among the people. This type of arthritis is caused due to deterioration of your joint cartilage. This deterioration can often lead to swollen joints.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory arthritis, and this type of arthritis is found among the people of every age-group. It can cause stiff joints, pain, and also swollen joints.

3. Gout: Gout can lead to both chronic and acute pain. When the person suffers from gout, the uric acid builds up in their joints, and this ultimately leads to swollen joints. According to the statistics, the prevalence of gout is 3.9% among American adults.

Suffers from gout

4. Septic arthritis: Swollen joints may be the result of infection in your joints due to bacteria, fungi, or virus. This type of infection is known as septic arthritis. One of the most common causes of this type of arthritis is due to aureus bacteria. However, septic arthritis is a rare type of arthritis.

5. Joint Injuries: There are many causes of joint injuries, and joint injuries often lead to joint pain, joint stiffness, and also swollen joints.

6. Psoriatic arthritis: Psoriatic arthritis is the type of arthritis that can happen due to the skin condition called psoriasis. According to the statistics, around 30% of the people who have psoriasis are diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. This arthritis creates a strange condition where your immune system even attacks your healthy joint tissues. This often leads to swollen joints.

OK, you know about the causes of swollen joints now. What next? Well, you need to know about the ways to treat your swollen joints as well. In the next part of the article, we will be dealing about the ways to treat your swollen joints.

What are the Treatment Methods available to have Relief from your Swollen Joints?

There is not a single common way to treat your swollen joints. The treatment of your swollen joints depends upon the cause of your swollen joints. Here are some of the ways to treat your swollen joints.

1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): If swollen joint is caused by osteoarthritis, then this type of medication is prescribed by the doctor. It can also be used for treating your swollen joints that are caused due to injuries.

2. Steroid medications and injections: If you continue taking steroid medicines for a certain period of time, then it can effectively reduce your joint pain and swollen joint. It blocks the inflammatory chemical production in your body. Injecting anti-inflammatory drug directly on the swollen part is also an effective treatment method. It provides temporary, but rapid relief from your joint pain and swollen joint.

3. Ice packs: If your swollen joint is the result of some kinds of injury, then this home-treatment method can help in reducing your swollen joint. Apply the ice pack in the affected area for about 10 minutes. You should also avoid putting pressure on the injured joint.

Ice Packs

4. Colchicine: This medicine is prescribed if your swollen joint is caused by gout. It eases your joint pain and swollen joint, which is caused by the crystal deposit in your joints. In case of infectious arthritis, it can be treated with antibiotics.

5. Physical therapy: Sometimes doctor may also recommend physical therapy to reduce your swollen joint and joint pain. The study shows that physiotherapy can provide immense benefit to rheumatoid arthritis patients.


After reading this article, you must have gotten rid of your anxiety due to swollen joint. People are often worried when they’re unaware about their medical conditions. If a person is well informed about their condition, then they take action instead of worrying about their condition. Swollen joint is a common problem, and you can get relief from this condition with the help of the treatment methods listed in this article.