Knee Anatomy – What Can Anatomy of the Knee Teach You?

Janice CarsonJanice Carson

Joint pain is something that afflicts the young and the old, both males and females. Although many people often associated joint pain with the elderly, young individuals can suffer from this type of pain as well. The knees are one of the few areas of the body that absorb the most impact. Think of it this way, based on knee anatomy, they are to the body what shock absorbers are to a car. They absorb the impact of your steps while walking, running, or jogging. Although all of these activities are healthy, and even highly recommended, you should not overdo it.

In order to understand the knee anatomy, you have to think of how the knee is setup. The quadriceps, or thigh muscle, connects to the patella, or kneecap. Surrounding the kneecap and behind it is the meniscus, or cartilage, which is the spongy material that acts as cushioning support for your knee. The meniscus lies between the femur, or thighbone, and the tibia, otherwise known as the shinbone. When the meniscus of cartilage starts to wear down, it leaves no cushioning support around the kneecap and between the femur and tibia so the bones rub together causing pain, inflammation, and stiffness.

Knee anatomy also teaches us that it is very easy to injure the knee simply because it is the largest of all the joints in your body. When you walk, jog, or run, the meniscus absorbs the shock. That soft, spongy material absorbs the impact of your feet hitting the pavement so that your bones to not bang together. Injuries to the knee can damage the cartilage, leaving you suffering from severe joint pain. That is why joint pain may affect anyone. Joint pain is not always associated with arthritis alone. Any form of trauma that occurs to the joints can leave you with joint pain.

Understanding knee anatomy will help you learn how to take care of your knees. If you are a very athletic person that likes to run, jump, or participate in sports, you should consider the use of knee wraps. Knee wraps provide added support to your knees so you can avoid torn cartilage and PCL, MCL, or ACL injuries. Although orthopedic surgeons may use various methods to improve the functionality of your knee after an injury or the development of arthritis, it is still best to use your understanding of your knee’s anatomy to take care of these important joints as best you can.