Gout is a type of chronic arthritis and a metabolic disorder that is caused by too much uric acid in the blood. Excessive uric acid may form crystals called Monosodium Urate in the joints. Uric acid is present in the blood, which is a result of eating food that is high in uric acid. The precipitates or crystal forms of uric acid are the ones causing pain to the patient. When a person has gout, it is not unusual for a patient to have kidney stones as well.
As we grow old or become overweight, gout may become a big problem and can cause discomfort. With this, we should know the signs and symptoms of this painful disease.
This is hot or warm feeling with pain and swelling in joints. It is felt in the big toe, feet, ankles, knees, elbows and fingers.
The pain and swelling is usually felt during the night because of a lowered body temperature. And because of its tenderness, some cannot tolerate even light pressures.
Discomfort that lasts for few hours
The uneasiness can be very quick or sometimes felt for few hours or even days then will go away. Next attacks may be experienced again after weeks or months.
Inflammation and redness in the skin around the area of the joint is noticeable. Sometimes, the skin may become purplish.
Fever may also be experienced (usually mild) that may lead to malaise, chills and loss of appetite. These symptoms are usually experienced after a severe gout attack.
People with very high levels of uric acid (that was not treated right away) usually experience this. Tophi may get into the bones and cause chalky nodules which may eventually result in bone destruction. This can be found in the elbow, earlobe and the back of the ankles.
Gout arthritis symptoms can be treated with proper diet and lifestyle changes. Exercise can also help. Make sure to limit the intake ofhigh-purine food. Alcohol also causes gout so make sure that this is avoided. Other factors that cause this painful inflammation of joints are age (usually,males), genetics (family history), obesity, hypertension, surgery (because of changes in uric acid) and frequent exposure to lead. Stress and crash diets may also cause gout attacks.
If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, it is better to consult a physician as soon as possible so that proper prescription may be given immediately. Detecting the condition early and treating it right away will help the patient not to experience severe gout attacks that can be really painful and affect the daily activities like walking. Some medications can relieve the pain at once but there are some who experience some other side effects like abdominal pain, nausea, dizziness and vomiting.