What are the Causes of Little Finger Pain, Swelling and Redness?

Janice CarsonJanice Carson

Pain in the finger can be described as a minor ache, an annoying throbbing, stiffness, soreness, tingling or a burning sensation.

The fingers are made of tiny bones, nerves, muscles, blood vessels, and of course skin. The joints are where the bones meet and aid in flexibility. Finger joints are a combination of tendons, ligaments, and fluid, that makes movement easy. If, at any time, the components of the fingers become irritated, pain is likely to occur.

Trauma is a common cause of finger pain, but there are other causes of little finger joint pain, swelling, and redness. Such as:

Arthritis

Little Finger Joint Pain

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints, which results in discoloration (redness), swelling, and pain. Another symptom of arthritis is that the joints may be warm and tender when touched.

Rest, compression and over-the-counter pain relievers are usually the first course of treatment. Joint replacement surgery may be a consideration for more severe cases of arthritis.

Ligament Sprains

A ligament is strong bands of fiber that securely hold the bones around the joint in place. This type of painful sprain usually occurs when the bone is extended beyond the joints normal range of motion. Swelling, bruising, and pain are symptoms commonly associated with ligament pain.

Elevation of the joint, rest, cold compresses and pain medications are effective treatment methods, for offering relief of pain and allowing the body to heal. Surgery, to repair the ligament, may become necessary, if healing does not occur on its own.

Gout

Gout is a typical form of arthritis that is basically a build-up of uric acid in the blood. One in every 100 people, living in the United States, will get gout. Symptoms of gout include a sudden onset of severe pain in the joints. These inflamed joints are usually painful to touch, and will appear red and swollen.

Gout cannot be cured, but it can be controlled by following a low-protein eating plan. Prescribed medications are available, to keep uric acid at normal levels.

Polyarthritis

Individuals, who have lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, are highly susceptible to polyarthritis. This is a condition where two or more joints are inflamed at the same time. Swelling, tenderness, stiffness and pain in the joints are common symptoms of this condition.

Depending on the underlying cause of polyarthritis, treatment may consist of a combination of medications (both prescribed and over-the-counter) and warm compresses.

Adult Still’s Disease

This disease is triggered by an abnormal immune system. The immune system normally fights infections in the body, but when not functioning properly, it will attack healthy cells and joint tissue. In turn, causing joints to swell. Symptoms may also include a fever with a skin rash (redness).

To keep the inflammation under control, regular exercise, physical therapy and medications are recommended. In severe cases, surgery to replace the joints may be suggested.
Lupus.

People, who have lupus, deal with tissue inflammation throughout their body, because their immune system is not functioning properly. Instead of fighting infections, their immune system will attack normal and healthy tissues throughout the body, which causes swelling and damages tissues over time. There are just under two million people living in the United States that have lupus.

Typical symptoms of lupus include a rash, swelling of the joints, eye pain and redness, chest pain, fluctuation in weight, hair loss, fatigue, and pain in the joints. There is no cure for lupus, but symptoms can be treated with medications, that are designed to suppress the patient’s immune system.

Septic Arthritis

A bacterial infection is usually the underlying cause of septic arthritis, but it can also be caused by skin ulcers, cellulitis, open skin wounds, osteomyelitis, and joint surgeries. Besides swollen joints, pain that increases with movement, redness around the joints, and tenderness are also symptoms of septic arthritis. Every year in the United States, one in every 13,000 adults get septic arthritis.

Antibiotics and intravenous fluids are common treatments, and narcotic drugs are used to ease the severe pain. If caught early, a complete cure is likely, but if left untreated and undiagnosed, the joints can be severely damaged.