Knee arthritis is one of the most common types of arthritis, characterized by stiffness, swelling, and pain in the knee joint. If you suspect that you might have an arthritic knee, it’s best to learn a bit more about this condition and how to spot the symptoms. There are several types of arthritic knee, but the most common type is known as Osteoarthritis. This is also known as wear and tear arthritis as well as degenerative joint disease, and is recognizable because it causes progressive wearing down of the joint’s cartilage. Cartilage plays a very important role in knee health, because it protects the bones. With time, an arthritic knee can leave bare bones exposed within the knee’s joint.
Although arthritic knee can affect virtually anyone, it is most common in certain groups of people. If you are over 50 years old or overweight you may be more predisposed to arthritic knee. It is also known to run in families, making it a genetic condition. However, if you suffer trauma to the knee such as that due to a sports injury, fracture your knee, or damage the ligaments, you might also develop the signs and symptoms of arthritic knee. These symptoms can grow more severe over time, and may fluctuate in their intensity.
Some of the main symptoms of arthritic knee in all ages include pain with activities, tenderness along the joint, a limited range of motion, or visual deformity such as bow-legs. Other signs of arthritic knee include swelling and stiffness of the knee. If you have noticed any of these symptoms, it’s important to visit a doctor for a diagnosis. He or she can determine whether or not you have arthritic knee with the use of X-rays and a physical examination.
Although arthritic knee can worsen over time, there are many different options when it comes to treatment. Health supplements, such as those containing glucosamine, can ease pain and repair joint health in some cases. Lifestyle adjustments including activity modification, exercise, and general weight loss can make a huge difference in arthritic knee symptoms as well. Injections of cortisone can help decrease inflammation. In severe cases of arthritic knee, total or partial knee replacement surgery may be necessary. By learning to recognize these symptoms and exploring all avenues of potential treatment options out there, it’s possible to live with and even reduce the signs of knee arthritis.